His Majesty King Hamad has issued a Royal pardon to maintain nationality of 551 convicts whose citizenship was revoked by courts, along with other punishments.
HM the King used His prerogative right as provided in Law No 58 of 2006 (Protection of the Community from Terrorism Acts) in order to reinstate nationality of the convicts and gave instructions to the Interior Minister to take necessary actions in relation to the relevant court verdicts revoking nationalities.
Above scenario indicates that Bahrain is providing a good example of ‘Rule of Law’ and supremacy of justice, wherein courts exercise their judicial power and apply the law of the land in full independence without intervention from any part whatsoever.
On the other hand, HM the King exercises his Royal duty in clear valid implementation of the provisions of the law. The process which has been followed in this instance, indicates that there is separation of power as provided for in the Constitution.
The judiciary authority and the executive authority are working in full independence and harmonious application of the “check-and-balance” principle to maintain rule of law and constitutional rights in Bahrain. No doubt, the initiative taken by HM the King, gives an excellent example of kingship and great leadership which, in turn, will lead to united, peaceful and harmonised society looking for tranquility and prosperous future.
In many places, the royal prerogative of mercy is one of the royal prerogatives, by which they grant pardons to convicts. Royal prerogative was originally used to permit the monarch to withdraw, or provide alternatives to death sentences.
However, it is used now to change any sentence or penalty. This means, the Royal pardon does not overturn a conviction or act in replacement of the court.
The Royal pardon may take the form of a full pardon, free, absolute and unconditional pardon. Or a conditional pardon, full remission or partial remission of a penalty, or according to the merits of the case may order an inquiry.
We salute the particular action of HM the King, regarding the convicts, which demonstrates a very wise stand from a leader who looks for the best interests of all in Bahrain. A goodwill towards the concerned for a new attitude and a new look for new promising future.
The author is a legal consultant