In this Thursday, March 24, 2016 photo, spectators watch horses walking around the paddock before placing bets at the Beirut horse racetrack in Beirut, Lebanon. (AP Photo)
As the horses came around the track on a recent day at the races, the crowd of mostly working class men rose to its feet to cheer their favourites on. The attendance was too sparse to drown out crisp obscenities of the most enthusiastic fans.
After one race, a spectator threw his plastic lawn chair down several flights of the stands, hitting another fan below.
Shafwan said he would keep betting despite the match-fixing allegations, he explained, "because I'm a dupe."