The EU Commission yesterday designated 22 services of six major tech companies as ‘gatekeepers’ of online services providing messaging to video sharing in its latest crackdown on Big Tech.
The firms are Alphabet, Amazon, Apple , Meta, Microsoft and TikTok owner ByteDance.
Under the DMA, which came into force in November, companies with more than 45 million monthly active users and a market capitalisation of 75 billion euros ($82bn) are considered gatekeepers providing a core platform service.
Businesses labelled as such will be required to make their messaging apps interoperate with rivals and let users decide which apps to pre-install on their devices.
Alphabet’s Google had the highest number of services, including Android operating system, Maps and Search, which would face tougher rules. Meta’s Facebook, Instagram, Marketplace and WhatsApp also qualified as gatekeepers.
The companies will have six months to demonstrate their compliance with their obligations and can be fined up to 10 per cent of their annual global turnover for DMA violations.