Britain’s economic performance since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic has been stronger than previously thought, with faster growth than Germany or France, according to revisions to official data released yesterday.
The Office for National Statistics said Britain’s economy in the three months to the end of June 2023 was 1.8 per cent larger than in the final quarter of 2019, the last full quarter before the start of the Covid-19 pandemic.
This represented an upward revision from the most recent previous ONS estimate, on August 11, that the economy was still 0.2pc smaller than before the pandemic, which had placed it at the bottom of the table among major advanced economies.
An increased estimate of the size of Britain’s economy had been widely expected, after the ONS published preliminary revisions on September 1 suggesting the economy was already 0.6pc larger than its pre-pandemic size in the final quarter of 2021.
Britain’s relative economic performance since the pandemic and its departure from the European Union has been a focus of political debate, especially with a national election likely next year.
“We know that the British economy recovered faster from the pandemic than anyone previously thought and data out today once again proves the doubters wrong,” finance minister Jeremy Hunt said.
Britain’s gross domestic product (GDP) growth of 1.8pc over the period exceeds growth of 1.7pc in France and 0.2pc in Germany, but trails far behind the 6.1pc expansion seen in the United States and is also weaker than in Japan, Italy or Canada.
Recent growth has been lacklustre by historic standards, and many households have been severely affected by the soaring cost of living which accelerated after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022.
“The data ... does not change the big picture that the economy has lagged behind all other G7 countries aside from Germany and France since the pandemic. And that’s before the full drag from higher interest rates has been felt,” said Ruth Gregory, deputy chief UK economist at Capital Economics.
The Bank of England has raised interest rates 14 times since December 2021 to tame soaring inflation, before unexpectedly keeping them unchanged last week at a 15-year high of 5.25pc.
“If the UK economy has been running hotter than we thought, it would help to explain some of the persistence in inflation and the tightness of the labour market,” said Thomas Pugh, an economist at accountancy firm RSM UK.
Yesterday’s figures are unlikely to be the final word on the topic, however, with other countries also in the process of revising their data.
The upward revisions were concentrated in 2020 and 2021, during the height of the pandemic and immediate aftermath.
Growth in 2021 was revised to 8.7pc from 7.6pc, while the size of 2020’s historic slump was reduced to 10.4pc from 11.0pc, in line with preliminary guidance on Sept. 1. Growth in 2022 was revised up to 4.3pc from 4.1pc.
The ONS said the revisions in 2020 and 2021 reflected better estimates of the volume of stocks held by businesses, as well as the margins made by retailers and costs and output in the healthcare sector.
British gross domestic product in the second quarter of 2023 was confirmed at 0.2pc higher than the quarter before, in line with a previous estimate, while first-quarter growth was revised up to 0.3pc from 0.1pc.
“The economy was a bit more resilient in the first half of this year than we previously thought. But other indicators suggest this is now fading,” Capital’s Gregory said, warning higher interest rates risked tipping Britain’s economy into recession.
Britain’s current account deficit soared unexpectedly to 25.3 billion pounds ($31.0bn) in the second quarter and the first-quarter deficit was revised up by almost 5 billion pounds to 15.1 billion.
The second quarter deficit was equivalent to 3.7pc of GDP, the highest in a year.